CATEGORY DEFINITIONS
The following categories and definitions apply to all Monthly Club Competitions.
MANIPULATION

A.    A.    Manipulation shall constitute any or all of the following modifications to the original image:
i.    Adding an element to the image that was not contained in the original capture;
ii.    Removing an element from the image that was contained in the original capture;
iii.    Moving or repositioning an element of the image that was contained in the original capture.
B.    In the categories Nature and Photojournalism, manipulation is not allowed. In Open there is no restriction whatsoever in the way authors choose to post process an image
C.    The following actions are allowed and not seen as manipulation:
i.    Cropping
ii.    Correction of lens distortion, chromatic aberrations, purple fringing, lens vignette and vertical/horizontal perspective adjustments;
iii.    Removal of dust spots or scratch marks from sensor or scanned images;
iv.    The blending of different exposures of the same scene to broaden the dynamic range e.g. High Dynamic Range (HDR);
v.    Photo stacking to overcome the limitations of the digital sensor heat artefacts in long exposures
vi.    Focus stacking to widen the depth of field especially in Macro photography. In the case of Nature and Wildlife, HDR and focus stacking will not be considered as manipulation and may be used provided that the end result is a faithful representation of the original scene.
Please note: HDR and Focus stacking are not allowed in Photojournalism and Street Photography.
Study the rules for each event as they will be unique.


CATEGORIES
A.    (OP) OPEN: colour only, manipulation allowed.
In this category the subject matter is totally open, there is n restriction of subject.
All elements must be photographic; if graphic elements are included they should enhance the photographic image but not take over from it. Any graphics used should be created by the photographer using his/her own artwork.

B.    (NA) NATURE:
colour only, no manipulation
Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archaeology, in such a fashion that a well‐informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation. The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality.
Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces like hurricanes or tidal waves. Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible.
Photographs of artificially created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, obviously set arrangements, mounted specimens including insects or animals doped or killed for macro (or any other type of photography), are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement. Any action which causes harm, no matter how unintentional it may be, is not acceptable.
The use of live bait and actions such as chilling, freezing, spinning or light anaesthesia of any creature is unethical and therefore not acceptable.
No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted. Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning. All allowed adjustments must appear natural. Colour images can be converted to greyscale/monochrome.
Stitched images are not permitted. Infrared images, either direct captures or derivations, are not allowed.
Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This includes images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens, non-natural macro setup*, aquariums and any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food.
* A non-natural macro  setup  is  defined  as  a  macro  or  miniature  scene  set  up  artificially  in  a  studio  or  table top arrangement used to create a fake “natural environment” for the subject being photographed.

C.    (CR) CREATIVE: colour, monochrome and manipulation allowed
This category allows the photographer freedom to explore all possibilities of photographic art through manipulation of images and the combination of images in camera or in post processing where the photographic content must be predominant.
This category is your opportunity to think completely outside the box and to unshackle yourself from convention.
All elements whether photographic or graphic art must be created by the entrant (the inclusion of stock textures and/or stock graphical elements is not permitted).
This is your opportunity to have fun, experiment and go crazy! Show us something that we would generally never see in any other category

D.    (MO) MONOCHROME: mono only, manipulation allowed.
Monochrome is a black and white image. A black and white work fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey.
A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category.
On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) to stand in the colour category

E.    (OU) OUTING: colour only, manipulation allowed.
All images taken on/at the official monthly Club Outing venues may be entered in this Category.

F.    (SS) SET SUBJECT:
colour only unless specified, manipulation allowed.
A different theme is set for every month and Members are encouraged to specifically shoot fresh images for this category, rather than to look for pictures in their ‘stock’ pantry. Images therefore must be taken in the club competition year, i.e. from December competition month to the next November completion month.

 
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